KAPILARNA VLAGA PDF

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Capillary rising damp kapilarha characteristic of old buildings, built at a time when builders were unaware of waterproof materials such as bitumen and the like, which are now used for waterproofing.

Moreover, old buildings are kalilarna built without foundations, directly on the ground. Since the basic construction materials brick, stone, mortar, concrete… are to a greater or lesser extent porous, through them, that is through microcapillaries existing in their structure, damp gradually moves upward from the soil.

Given the structural and static characteristics of these facilities, in capillary rising damp sanation the appropriate method must be kapliarna chosen. Therefore, when it comes to old buildings, such sanation methods are not recommended either by the civil engineering profession, or the institutions dealing with the protection of cultural and historical heritage.

Capillary damp may also occur in newer buildings, which were waterproofed during construction.

With such buildings the problem lies in damaged or deteriorated waterproofing. Moreover, in the case of floods, capillary damp often remains in the walls due to waterproofing crack bridging. MS hydro protect capillary rising damp sanation system using electro-osmosis has been successfully used for many years. This sanation system is extremely fast and efficient for damp walls affected by capillary damp.

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Capillary rising damp sanation with the help of MS hydro protect is suitable primarily for older buildings without adequate waterproofing, especially for facilities of great cultural and historical value, such as castles, manor houses, religious facilities, museums, and all other buildings regardless of their purpose, which were built prior to using waterproofing materials. The system can also be used for newer buildings with defective waterproofing or in which waterproofing was bridged due to floods, with capillary damp remaining permanently.

The activity of MS hydro protect is based on the fact that water moves within the electromagnetic field due to internal tensions caused by different poles between the wall and the soil. This automatically annuls the capillary phenomenon and leads to a gradual outflow of water from the walls back to the soil. The system also prevents the further occurrence of rising damp.

The system must be permanently installed in the building and it should be maintained in accordance with the requirements of electrical devices. Thus, each building is a separate case. This change of dehydration indicators may be visible on the building, but not necessarily.

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Because of this phenomenon, kapialrna is necessary to ensure good ventilation of the space which is important in the process of dehydration, at least in the first weeks of the system operation. Thus, the damaged materials paint and plaster increasingly flake and fall off. It is also one of the indicators of the changes that occur due to building dehydration.

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Not all dampness in buildings is due to rising damp. Leaking water pipes or failed roofs lvaga gutters may allow water to percolate through masonry. These decorative surfaces of the walls can be repaired with simple construction works, but the water dampness still remains within the walls.

The dampness inside the walls behaves according to the physical factors in which it is found. These factors are always different e. During the winter months when temperatures are below zero, the water in the walls freezes and devastates the structure of the wall.

In summer and warmer months of the year, water takes on another state of matter and becomes gas vapour. This also emits pressure to the vlagx. Frost in winter and gas in summer and their rotation throughout the year have a slow, but very destructive, effect on the structure.

The structure weakens and the decorative outer layer crumbles away. Capillary rising damp is not of local character.

kapilarna vlaga

It spreads through every wall in the building leaving the same damage and requiring difficult and expensive repairs. What exactly is capillary damp?

How does MS hydro protect work? Other types of damp Not all dampness in buildings is due to rising damp.

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