PDF Archive. Itaca – Constantino Uploaded by undefined. Download. Page of In the Outside Magazine story I mentioned last week, I end my Greece sailing tale with an allusion to the great travel poem, “Ithaca”, by modern Greek poet. Listen to Itaca (Version en Griego) (Constantino Kavafis) by Patricio Anabalon – Itaca. Poetas Griegos Musicalizados. Deezer: free music streaming. Discover.
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Cavafy wrote poems, while dozens more remained incomplete or in sketch form. Kavfis his lifetime, he consistently refused to formally publish his work and preferred to share it through local newspapers and magazinesor even print it out himself and give it away to anyone interested.
His most important poems were written after his fortieth birthday, and officially published two years after his death. His father was a prosperous importer-exporter who had lived in England in earlier years and acquired British nationality. Cknstantino his father died inCavafy and his family settled for a while in Liverpool. Inhis family faced financial problems due to the Long Depression ofso, bythey had to move back to Alexandria.
Indisturbances in Alexandria caused the family to move again, though temporarily, to Constantinople. This was the year when a revolt broke out in Alexandria against the Anglo-French control of Egypt, thus precipitating the Anglo-Egyptian War.
Constantine P. Cavafy
Alexandria was bombarded by a British fleet, and the family apartment at Ramleh was burned. InCavafy returned to Alexandria, where he lived for the rest of his life. His first work was as a journalist; then he took a position with the British-run Egyptian Ministry of Public Works itacw thirty years. Egypt was kavafi British protectorate until He published his poetry from to in the form of broadsheets, and only for his close friends. Any acclaim he was to receive came mainly from within the Greek community of Alexandria.
Eventually, inhe was introduced to mainland-Greek literary circles through a favourable review by Xenopoulos. He received little recognition because his style differed markedly from the then-mainstream Greek poetry. It was only twenty years later, after the Greek defeat in the Greco-Turkish Warthat a new generation of almost nihilist poets e. Karyotakis would find inspiration in Cavafy’s work. He died of cancer of the lavafis on April 29,his 70th birthday.
Since his death, Cavafy’s reputation has grown. His poetry is taught in school in Greece and Cyprusand in universities around the world. Forster knew him personally and wrote a memoir of him, contained in his book Alexandria.
ZEN PENCILS » C.P. CAVAFY: Ithaka
Toynbeeand T. Eliot were among the earliest promoters of Cavafy in the English-speaking world before the Second World War.
Cavafy was instrumental in the revival and recognition of Greek poetry both at home and abroad. His poems are, typically, concise cnstantino intimate evocations of real or literary figures and milieux that have played roles in Greek culture.
Uncertainty about the future, sensual pleasures, the moral character and psychology of individuals, homosexualityand a fatalistic existential nostalgia are some of the defining themes.
Besides his subjects, unconventional for the time, his poems also exhibit a skilled and versatile craftsmanship, which ittaca extremely difficult to translate. His mature style was a free iambic form, free in consttantino sense that verses rarely rhyme and are usually from 10 to 17 syllables.
In his poems, the presence of rhyme usually implies irony. Cavafy drew his themes from personal experience, along with a deep and wide knowledge of history, especially of the Hellenistic era.
Many of his poems are pseudo-historical, or seemingly historical, or accurately but quirkily historical. One of Cavafy’s most important works is his poem Waiting for the Barbarians.
The poem begins by describing a city-state in decline, whose population and legislators are waiting for the arrival of the barbarians. When night falls, the barbarians have not arrived. Those people were a solution of a sort. InCavafy wrote “Ithaca”, inspired by the Homeric return journey of Odysseus to his home islandas depicted in the Odyssey.
The poem’s theme is that enjoyment of the journey of life, and the increasing maturity of the soul as that journey continues, are all the traveler can ask for. To Homerand to the Greeks in general, not the island, but the idea of Ithaca is important. Life is also a journey, and everyone has to face difficulties like Odysseuswhen he returned from Troy.
When you reach Ithaca, you have gained so much experience from the voyage, that it is not very important if you reached your goals e. Odysseus returned all alone. Ithaca cannot give you riches, but she gave you the beautiful journey.
Almost all of Cavafy’s work was in Greek; yet, his poetry remained unrecognized and underestimated in Greece, until after the publication of the first anthology in by Heracles Apostolidis father of Renos Apostolidis. His unique style and language which was a mixture of Katharevousa and Demotic Greek had brought him under the critic of Kostis Palamasthe greatest poet of his era in mainland Greece, and his followers, who were in favour of the purest form of Demotic Greek. He is known for his prosaic use of metaphors, his brilliant use of historical imagery, and his aesthetic perfectionism.
These attributes, amongst others, have assured him an enduring place in the literary pantheon of the Western World. These poems are mainly inspired by the Hellenistic era with Alexandria at primary focus.
Other poems originate from Helleno-romaic antiquity and the Byzantine era. Mythological references are also present. The periods chosen are mostly of decline and decadence e. Trojans ; his heroes facing the final end. The sensual poems are filled with the lyricism and emotion of same-sex love; inspired by recollection and remembrance.
The past and former actions, sometimes along with the vision for the future underlie the muse of Cavafy in writing these poems. Also called instructive poems, they are divided into poems with consultations to poets, and poems that deal with other situations such as closure for example, “The walls”debt for example, “Thermopylae”and human dignity for example, ” The God Abandons Antony “.
The poem “Thermopylae” reminds us of the famous battle of Thermopylae where the Spartans and their allies fought against the greater numbers of Persians, although they knew that they would be defeated. There are some principles in our lives that we should live by, and Thermopylae is the ground of duty. We stay there fighting although we know that there is the potential for failure. At the end the traitor Ephialtes will appear, leading the Persians through the secret trail.
In another poem, “In the Year B. However, in other poems, his stance is amphisimic and not clear between the Classical ideal and the Hellenistic era which is sometimes described with a tone of decadence. Cavafy’s Alexandria apartment has since been converted into a museum. The museum holds several of Cavafy’s sketches and original manuscripts as well as containing several pictures and portraits of and by Cavafy.
Selections of Cavafy’s poems appeared only in pamphlets, privately printed booklets and broadsheets during his lifetime.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Cavafy – Greek writer”. Retrieved 28 January Cavafy – Poems – The Canon”. Retrieved 28 January — via NYTimes.
Retrieved August 29, Retrieved from ” https: Cavafy 20th-century male writers. Views Read Edit View history.
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