Hindutva: Who is a Hindu? is an pamphlet by Vinayak Damodar Savarkar. Originally published under the title Essentials Of Hindutva in , it was retitled . The concept of Hindutva is Savarkar’s own and corres- ponds exactly to the definition of a nation in modern political theory. The Hindus are tied together by. Oh Hindu! Wherever you are and perhaps alone you may be, without waiting for others, pledge that you shall touch millions and millions of your untouchable.
|Published (Last):||26 November 2012|
|PDF File Size:||5.94 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||12.88 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Savarkar “Hindutva” gives a unique answer for the problems of India which is a regionalism, language diversities, Dalit atrocities.
Savarkar ideas of Unified identity under the Hindutva says “Everyone who is born in India, should acknowledge the facts of roots of India itself.
They must acknowledge the cross culture welding during the time of Buddhist and Hinduism. He said, Islam and Christianity shall be identified as foreign religion and adherent of both faiths has to be welded with Indian ness like Jews, Parsis been welded during the course of time.
Acknowledgement of their ancestor faith as Hinduism will over come to the identity crises amongst people of Islam and Christianity. Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Want to Read saving…. Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem? Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. Preview — Hindutva by V. Who is a Hindu? Originally published under the title Essentials Of Hindutva init was retitled Hindutva: Who Is a Hindu?
Savarkar’s pamphlet forms part of the canon of works published during British rule that later influenced post-independence contemporary nationalism. Paperbackpages. Published January 1st by Hindi Sahitya Sadan first published To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. To ask other readers questions about Hindutvaplease sign up. Lists with This Book. Dec 06, Nandakishore Varma rated it did not like it. Unbelievably dangerous right-wing fanaticism. My short review is Long review is given below.
Most non-Indians do not know that there are Hindu fundamentalists. For those favourably inclined to it, Hinduism is a religion of tolerance and pluralism, of lofty philosophy preached by serene swamis: But try telling them that it can be as intolerant as Christianity or Islam and set out to destroy non-believers, they shake their heads in disbelief.
They are right and wrong at the same time. Hinduism, defined as the set of beliefs which loosely connect the people of the subcontinent, is as tolerant as a religion can be. All gods are accepted as the expression of one supreme essence the Brahman which resides within oneself, the realisation of which is the ultimate aim of life. But one need not necessarily strive for it – one can be quite happy worshipping whatever god one likes, and live out a full life. However, at the end of the last century, a dangerous new idea was brewing in India – that of Hindu nationalism, of carving India out as a “Hindu Rashtra” Hindu Nation.
This found its most fully developed incarnation in the concept of “Hindutva” Hindu-ness as expounded by Vinayak Damodar Savarkar “Veer” Savarkar. This ideahaving a strong resemblance to the National Socialism of Hitler is as fanatic as they come.
So while Hinduism is largely tolerant, all Hindus evidently are not. At that time, I understood Hindutva to mean the common inclusive culture of India, which was rejected by many aggressive Muslim clerics. I was upset at this, and did not want the rich literature, art and culture of our country which is Hindu in nature to be abandoned to favour minority sentiments. Riots started happening sporadically across the country. Inthe Babri Masjid in Ayodhya, a centuries-old Muslim Mosque was destroyed by a Hindu mob, alleging that it was built by the Mughal emperor Babur on the site of a destroyed temple of the Hindu deity Rama.
Atrocities against minorities increased in frequency and ultimately peaked in the mindless carnage of Gujarat in As I watched, I slowly moved away from the party which contained the Hindu fanatics responsible for this atrocities. The writing was on the wall, however. The Indian National Congress, lacking any coherent political ideology or leadership was thrashed soundly in the recent parliamentary elections.
For all practical purposes, the ideology of Hindutva had triumphed. In this context, I thought I should read the slim book which is the root of it all – Hindutva by V. Understanding a fascist philosophy is the first step in defending oneself against it.
Hindutva – Wikipedia
In fact, he dismisses all those existing in the Indian subcontinent at the time of their arrival as “scattered tribes”, whose languages were the “Prakrits” uncultured tongues which evolved from the immigrants’ Sanskrit, which means “cultured”. He is also at asvarkar to establish that these original inhabitants were also most probably known as Hindus because Hindu is derived from “Sindhu”, the river Indus.
Thus, at the outset itself, he establishes Hindutva as tied inseparably to the land. He also makes the astonishing statement that it is certain to have predated Egypt and Babylonia! Although it would be hazardous at the present stage of oriental research to state definitely the period when the foremost band of intrepid Aryans made it their home and lighted their first sacrificial fire on the banks of the Sindhu, the Indus, yet certain it is that long before the ancient Egyptians, and Babylonians, had built their magnificent celebration, the holy waters of the Indus were daily witnessing the lucid and curling columns of scented sacrificial smokes and the valleys resounding with the chants of Vedic hymns — the spiritual fervour that animated their souls.
Savarkar conveniently forgets the Indus Valley civilisation which had a settled city life, apparently some kind of government, and complex art and religious belief; and which was born, thrived and perished much before the nomadic Aryans ever reached anywhere near India! Also, India had a rich collection of Dravidian languages which was in no way linked to Sanskrit. A language of Dravidian origin, Brahui, is still existing in modern-day Pakistan!
So the claim that all the languages of India are uncultured versions of Sanskrit is offensive and silly. But it is when the author veers off into areas of conjecture that the whole thing becomes seriously eccentric.
He first of all sets out to discredit the Maurya civilisation as the first great Indian civilisation: Recorded history means nothing to Savarkar: Rather, he considers the Buddhist era a period of decadence!
It seems that he accepts any text which is supportive of Vedic Brahmanism as the gospel!
Whether this is due to genuine belief or political agenda, we can only conjecture. Now the author goes on to establish that, in spite of all the differences of caste, creed and colour, Indians are one people — which is true and what is beneficial for the country, anyway — but then, puts the final spin on the ball when his fundamentalist agenda suddenly comes out baring its claws and teeth, casting aside its mask of patriotism.
But can we, who here are concerned with investigating into facts as they are and not as they should be, recognise these Mohammedans as Hindus? Many a Mohammedan community in Kashmir and other parts of India as well as the Christians in South India observe our caste rules to such an extent as to marry within the pale of their castes alone; yet, it is clear that though their Hindu blood is thus almost unaffected by alien adulteration, yet they cannot be called Hindus in the sense in which that term is actually understood, because we Hindus are bound together not only by the tie of love we bear to a common fatherland and by the common blood which courses through our veins and keeps our hearts throbbing and our affections warm, but also by the tie of common homage we pay to our great civilisation — our Hindu culture, which could not be better rendered than by the word Sanskriti suggestive as it is of that language, Sanskrit, which has been the chosen means of expression and preservation of that culture, of all that was best and worth preserving in the history of our race.
In short — Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains are in: Christians and Muslims out.
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar
So, as long as they remain tied to their Abrahamic religion which traces their origin from the Levant, they cannot be accepted as Hindus.
Interestingly, Savarkar leaves the Jews and Farsis out of it. Now Savarkar launches into his real agenda. He says that he is not criticising or lamenting, but stating a simple fact. But the nation will be governed by laws based safarkar the principles set forth in this venomous tract.
Gindutva that to the concentration camps is only a minor step. Think I am overreacting? The statements by certain elected representatives during the past six-plus months of the BJP government, leave aside the war-chants of the Hindu fundamentalist groups, should set every intelligent Indian thinking.
Takeover of cultural institutions.
Rewriting history to suit political ends. Does it remind you of anything, folks? View all 94 comments. Oct 14, Pankaj Rathee rated it it was amazing. Those people who are here reading the negative reviews and wondering if they should read it.
Trust me you wont find a single positive thing to ever hear for Savarkar from either left wing communists, marxists, maoists, garbagists Most of the people who have criticized this book are the same who gave 5 stars to books like communist manifesto. The same book that gave the world mass murdering communism and leaving million people dead under the banner of sickle and hammer.
You see, the victor writes the history.
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar – Wikipedia
And since it wasnt the right wing that got to form the first government of India, but the left wing. This right wing hero has been carefully erased from Indian history books. Yet his name echoes hindutvs the nightmares of the left and the anti-hindu brigade till this day. The same forces who plot the destruction of hindu India and dream its replacement with a communist state or islamic sharia ruled subcontinent or demographically altered cross bearing christian state still recoil at the thought of Savarkar.
The man must have written something worth reading.
They have an ostrich mentality when it comes to confronting islam, whom they just dont see as political and military ideology, but as a mere religion.
Now you know, why left in Europe is pro-muslim and anti-native Europeans.
But that’s a different debate. No matter how much proof or data or history you pile in front of this anti-hindu brigade, you can never stop the rationalization hamster running wild in their head.
The version of hinduism they like is the museum hinduism. You know the colourful one, the one that turns the other cheek. The one that quietly lives through 70 million hindus dead under mughal occupation and ssavarkar an ever shrinking homeland.
The one that offers its neck to the sword of islam in the name of ahinsa.