Busseola fusca exhibits oligophagous feeding behavior on host plants belonging to the family Poaceae. Primary host plants are maize (Zea mays L.) and. Preferred Scientific Name; Busseola fusca. Preferred Common Name; African maize stalk borer. Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota; Kingdom: Metazoa. The Maize Stalk Borer (Busseola fusca) is a major pest of Maize and Sorghum.
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Neem products powder from ground neem seeds are reportedly effective and may be applied to the leaf whorl in a 1: Variability in pheromone communication among different haplotype populations of Busseola fusca.
Sesamia fuscaHampson. Sugarcane, Many species of grasses and cereals. Maize and sorghum are its main crop hosts. Host plants and reproductive behaviour in the African maize stemborer, Busseola fusca Fuller Lepidoptera: Bulletin of Entomological Research, 86 5: A three-year partial life table study of the stemborer Busseola fusca Fuller Lepidoptera: A sequential sampling technique for surveys of eggs laid by the maize stalk borer, Busseola fusca Fuller Lepidoptera: The rotation of early season cowpea monocrop with late season maize monocrop gave the highest maize plant survival, plant height and grain yield, whereas late season maize monocrop planted after an early maize monocrop gave the worst performance.
Distribution maps of pests. Noctuidae to genetically modified Bt maize.
Bulletin of Entomological Research, 92 6: Some of the new avenues of busseol borer management will consider also volatiles released by plants as selection criteria and by targeting certain volatiles by selection or by genetic engineering of the chemical signal released by the host plant [ ]. Busseola fusca neonate larvae have a specific mode of dispersal.
Busseola fusca (Fuller)
Two of the most abundant natural enemies of the African maize stalkborer are the larval parasitoids Cotesia sesamiae and Bracon sesamiae. After mass screenings and elite line developments, 42 stem borer resistant maize breeding red lines were released in South Africa during [ ].
The relative abundance of maize stem borers and their parasitoids at the Tshiombo irrigation scheme in Venda, South Africa. African maize stalk borer-Tanzania. Noctuidae under laboratory conditions. M, van Hamburg H.
The sex pheromone of B. Courtship behaviour of the African maize stem borer: Noctuidae on Napier grasses Pennisetum spp. However, under field conditions, by far the most recoveries are made from maize and sorghum, and few only from wild grasses [ 2 – 6 ]. Abundance and diversity of maize stem borer species in a maize-groundnut mixture in central Cameroon. Busseola fusca fecundity has not been studied in areas with bimodal rainfall distribution, which allows for more than bbusseola cropping season per annum.
In contrast to stem borer species from the Sesamia and Chilo genera, young B.
Busseola fusca Fuller, – African maize stalkborer. Host plant preference of the stem borer Busseola fusca Fuller Lepidoptera: Biological Control, 28 3: Comparison of various directional insecticidal sprays against Busseola fusca Lepidoptera: Improved techniques for mass-rearing Busseola fusca Lepidoptera: Bjsseola levels of Si in plant epidermal cells provide a physical barrier by increasing leaf abrasion, which subsequently increases wearing off of B.
It largely considers studies conducted during the last nusseola decades in Central, East and Southern Africa. The value that stem borer resistance in sorghum hybrids could have in suppression of pest populations was shown by van den Berg [ ]. The young larvae bussrola deep purple or black in colour.
Plant resistance to insects, pathogens or abiotic factors has been shown to be related to the level of accumulation and polymerization of Si in tissues [ ]. Increase in cereal stem borer populations through partial elimination of natural enemies.
Factsheet – Busseola fusca (Fuller, ) – African Maize Stalkborer
From the Handbook of Information on B. In Central Africa, field surveys indicated that B. Guidelines Upcoming Special Issues.
Only the females emit pheromones. After hatching underneath the leaf sheath, B. Like other Lepidoptera species, B. Insect Science and its Application, 21 4: Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser.
Moreover, mating occurs generally during the first six hours of the night, and the males can mate several times but only once per night [ 36 ]. Screening and breeding for bysseola to Busseola fusca. Factors affecting infestations of the stalk borer Busseola fusca Fuller on maize in the forest Zone of Cameroon with special reference to scelionid egg parasitoids.
Laboratory production of Busseoka fusca Fuller Lep. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible.
Busseola fusca (Fuller) – Maize Stalk Borer
In older plants their feeding can damage can reduce grain production. According to Aiyer [ ] in Finch and Collier [ ] the lower number of specialised herbivores such as B.
Bulletin of Entomological Research 96, — The larval period takes 35 days or more.